Sports Guides, Rules and Information

For all of our recognized and official sports, find coaching guides, development models, photos and videos and other related materials. You can also find information on “Other Sports” (locally popular sports which are not official Summer or Winter sports) at the end of this page.

Sports Essentials

Coaching Special Olympics Athletes

These are the resources all coaches need so that they can be effective working with Special Olympics athletes. Includes Article 1.

Sport Rules, Sports Article 1 and More

For all sports rules, rule changes, fact sheets, apps and information on DVD's and CD's.


Divisioning allows Special Olympics competitions to be structured so that athletes compete with other athletes of similar ability in equitable divisions.

Athlete and Coach Development

These resources can be used by Program sport directors to develop athletes and coaches to reach their own heights of achievement.

Sports Photos and Videos

You can use these downloadable files for marking, promotions and presentations.

Sports A to Z

Alpine Skiing

Alpine skiing is one of the top Special Olympics sports. Stay up to date with alpine skiing resources here.


Athletics, also known as track and field, is possibly the most popular summer sport. Find resources for the many categories of events here.


Badminton is one of several net-and-racquet sports in Special Olympics.


A very popular Special Olympics sport, basketball is growing in popularity around the world.


Bocce is a popular sport because it is simple to learn but always rewards experience. Get resources here.


Ten-pin bowling is one of several bowling events. Get resources for this popular sport here.


Cricket is a locally popular recognized sport in Special Olympics. Get resources for this sport here.

Cross Country Skiing

Cross-country skiing is a winter sport in which participants propel themselves across snow-covered terrain using skis and poles. Get resources here.


Cycling is a fascinating sport that requires good physical condition, balance, endurance and tactics.


Balance, stability and communication between the horse and rider are key to success in this sport. Get resources here.

Figure Skating

A sport in which individuals, pairs, or groups perform spins, jumps, footwork and other intricate and challenging moves on ice skates.


Floorball is a versatile indoor team sport developed in the 1970s in Sweden. Find resources here.

Floor Hockey

This is an indoor hockey game played on flat floor surfaces, such as a basketball court. Find resources here.

Football (Soccer)

A rapidly growing and already wildly popular sport for Special Olympics. Get the resources here.


Golf is a precision club and ball sport. Get resources here.

Artistic Gymnastics

Artistic gymnastics is a discipline of gymnastics where gymnasts perform short routines on different apparatus, with less time for vaulting. Get resources here.

Rhythmic Gymnastics

Rhythmic gymnastics is a sport that combines elements of ballet, gymnastics, dance, and apparatus manipulation. Get the resources you need here.


Also called team handball, this is a physical and fast sport of intense physical contact.


Judo is a sport demanding physical capabilities along with spiritual discipline. Take care of the resources you need here.


In kayaking every athlete aims to travel through a specific water distance paddling either on his/ her own or in pairs of two (2), achieving the best possible time. Get resources here.

Motor Activity Training Program

This program is designed to prepare athletes with severe or profound intellectual and physical disabilities for sport-specific activities appropriate for their abilities. Get resources here.

Netball (Locally Popular)

Netball is played on a rectangular court with raised goal rings at each end. Each team attempts to score goals by passing a ball down the court and shooting it through its goal ring. Get resources here.

Open Water Swimming

Open water swimming involves swimming in deep water with waves, currents, wind and other natural elements test the swimmer. Get resources here.


In Powerlifting every athlete aims in lifting more weights than the opponent using specific moves. Get resources here.

Roller Skating

Roller Skating is a lifetime fitness sport, well-suited for both children and adults. Get resources here.


In Sailing every team of one, two or three members aims in achieving to travel with a boat through a specific area in best minimum time. Get resources here.


Snowboarding is a sport that involves descending a slope that is covered with snow on a snowboard. Get resources here.


Snowshoeing combines aerobic activity with ease of walking over snow. Get resources here.


Softball is a bat-and-ball sport played between two teams of 10 to 14 players. Get resources here.

Short Track Speed Skating

Short Track Speed Skating provides both cardiovascular and aerobic benefits as well as improving muscle strength, balance, and coordination. Get resources here.


Swimming in pools and open water swimming are popular Special Olympics activities.

Table Tennis

Table Tennis is a fast sport that requires excellent coordination of hands and eyes. Get resources here.

Triathlon (Locally Popular)

A triathlon is a multiple-stage competition that involves swimming, cycling, and running in immediate succession over various distances. Get resources here.


Tennis is a popular sport played at all levels of skill and by players of all ages. Get resources here.


The game of volleyball is attractive to all types of players, from competitive to recreational, young and old. Get resources here.